HIV/AIDS Causes Symptoms and Treatments
HIV/AIDS Causes Symptoms and Treatments
HIV/AIDS Causes Symptoms and Treatments;HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) The virus penetrates human immune cells, weakening the immune system and causing opportunistic infections.
What does HIV Positive mean?
HIV + (positive) means that the person has the Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
HIV is a chronic infection characterized by weakening of the immune system and becoming vulnerable to opportunistic infections.
The person can live for many years without any signs of illness.
What does AIDS mean?
✓AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a picture of diseases created by HIV.
✓It is the situation in which opportunistic infections progress as a result of the high level of destruction of immune cells and cause serious disease.
✓Bacterial, viral, fungal or protozoal infections that occur in cases of inadequate immune system are called opportunistic infections.
✓With early diagnosis and developing treatment conditions, HIV-positive people can live for many years without going through AIDS.
What are the ways of transmission?
✓Human immunodeficiency virus, HIV,Any sexual intercourse with the HIV-positive person (without condoms) (oral, vaginal, anal)
✓Commonly used and HIV-infected syringes or non-sterile surgical materials Infected blood and blood products
✓It can be transmitted from HIV-positive mother to baby by breastfeeding during pregnancy, during labor or after birth.
Who are the Risky Groups?
✓Considering the ways of transmission:
✓Those who are HIV positive partners,
✓Unprotected sexual intercourse,
✓Persons with a history of risky contact,
✓Those with intravenous drug addiction and common injector use,
✓The babies of HIV-positive pregnant women constitute the groups at risk.
What are HIV-AİDS situations?
By touching, shaking and hugging, with tears, sweat and spit, sitting in the same place and breathing the same air, sharing the same pool, toilet, sauna and shower, sharing plates, forks, knives and cups with common use of clothes, mosquito with phone headset and door knocker HIV is not transmitted by insect stings and animal bites.
What are the diagnostic methods of HIV/AIDS infection?
✓The diagnosis of HIV / AIDS infection is made by disease-specific laboratory tests.
✓Infection progresses with certain stages.
✓The virus causes acute infection that is not specific to HIV infection and shows variable symptoms during the first proliferation within 1-6 weeks of ingestion.
✓Antibodies develop against HIV within 6-12 weeks.
✓Antibodies are important for the diagnosis of the disease.
✓The virus is present in the blood until the antibodies develop and the patient is infectious.
✓Asymptomatic period, which lasts 6-13 years (mean 8-10 years) without any signs and symptoms, is not contagious but is contagious.
✓Symptoms that cause patients to consult a doctor for the first time appear in the Early Symptomatic Period.
✓In this period, treatment is started by performing tests specific to HIV infection.
✓The last step of HIV infection is AIDS.
✓During this period, the lack of immunity becomes more pronounced, opportunistic infections or some special cancers may occur.
✓Especially in this period, diagnosis, treatment and preventive treatment of opportunistic infections are important.
✓In advanced patients, the emergence of a new AIDS indicator disease cannot be prevented within a mean of 2 years despite treatment.
What is HIV Treatment?
There is no treatment for HIV infection that eliminates the virus, but there are drugs that control the proliferation of the virus.
Although these drugs do not provide the definitive treatment of the disease, they control the proliferation of the virus in the body and prevent the weakening of the immune system and prevent the appearance of AIDS.
Why is Regular Monitoring and Treatment Important?
Early initiation of treatment, regular follow-up and treatment can prevent transmission, prolong life, increase quality of life, and reduce HIV-related diseases and deaths.
In addition, HIV protection from mother to baby can be prevented to a great extent by the preventive treatment applied to the mother before and after the birth.
What are the ways to prevent HIV/AIDS infection?
✓HIV infection is a preventable disease.
✓Prevention measures are much more effective and cheaper than treatment.
✓For protection from sexually transmitted infections;
✓Avoiding unsafe and unprotected sexual contact,
✓Condoms should be used during sexual intercourse.
For protection from blood contamination
✓Use of screened HIV (-) blood and blood products,(Blood and blood products have been tested for HIV in our country since 1987 for the purpose of protection against infection with blood and blood products. Performing the necessary tests before organ and tissue transplants minimizes the risk of HIV transmission.)
✓The use of disposable sterile syringes and surgical materials,
✓The use of a common injector should be avoided.
✓To prevent transmission from HIV (+) pregnant women,
✓Appropriate treatment and follow-up, cesarean delivery planning,
✓Starting drug treatment to the mother before the birth and to the baby after the birth,
✓The mother should not breastfeed her baby.